Category Archives: Herbal Seed / Fruit / Nuts

Herbal Seed / Fruit / Nuts

Areca Seed – Areca Catechu

Areca Seed – Areca Catechu

Areca catechu is the areca palm or areca nut palm, (Malay: Pinang), a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. The palm is believed to have originated in either Malaysia or the Philippines. Areca is derived from a local name from the Malabar coast of India and catechu is from another Malay name for this palm ‘caccu.’

This palm is often erroneously called the betel tree because its fruit, the areca nut, is often chewed along with the betel leaf, a leaf from a vine of the Piperaceae family.

Growth

It is a medium-sized and graceful palm tree growing straight to 20 m tall, with a trunk 10-15cm in diameter. The leaves are 1.5-2 m long, pinnate, with numerous, crowded leaflets. It is also known as Puga in Sanskrit, Supari in Marathi.

Characteristics

19th century drawing of Areca catechu

Areca catechu is grown for its commercially important seed crop, the areca nut. The seed contains alkaloids such as arecaine and arecoline, which when chewed is intoxicating and is also slightly addictive. Areca palms are grown in India, Malaysia, Taiwan and many other Asian countries for their seeds.

Etymology

Penang Island, off the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Fua Mulaku in the Maldives and Guwahati in Assam,coastal areas of Kerala and Karnataka in India, are some of the places named after a local name for areca nut.

Uses

The Areca palm is also used as an interior landscaping species. It is often used in large indoor areas such as malls and hotels. It won’t fruit or reach full size. Indoors it is a slow growing, low water, high light plant that is sensitive to spider mite and occasionally mealybug. The areca nut is also popular for chewing throughout some Asian countries such as Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippine, Malaysia, and India and the Pacific notably Papua New Guinea where it is very popular. Chewing areca nut is quite popular among working classes in Taiwan. The nut itself can be addictive and has direct link to mouth cancers. Areca nut in Taiwan will usually contain artificial additives such as limestone powder.

The extract of Areca catechu has been shown to have antidepressant properties, but it may be addictive.

Areca Seed is the dried ripe seed of Areca catechu L. (Fam. Palmae).

Action: To kill worms, to remove undigested food, to promote the flow of qi, and to stop malarial attacks.

Indications: Taeniasis, ascariasis, fasciolopsiasis; abdominal pain due to intestinal parasitosis; diarrhea and tenesmus due to accumulation of undigested food; edema and weakness of the legs; malaria.

Usage:For the treatment of taeniasis and fasciolopsi- asis

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Momordica Grosvenori

Momordica Grosvenori

Momordica Grosvenori Extract, Lou Han Guo Extract

Botanical Original:
Momordica Grosvenori Swingle

Used Part:
Fruit (Fructus Momordicae)

Brief introduction:
Momordica Grosvenori Extract (Lou Han Guo Extract) mainly contains Mogroside VI and Mogroside V, also Siamenoside I etc. but the Mogroside V is a primany ingredient, it can decide the sweetness and quality.

Mogrosides is about 300 times sweeter than cane sugar but lower in calories. So it is widely used in beverages, baked foods, nutritional foods, diet foods or any food product that requires either a low to no carbohydrate sweetener or low to no calories. Cooking or baking does not affect the flavor or sweetness of it.

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Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract

Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract

Brown-red or Yellow brown fine powder

Name: Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract
Manufactory
Product Name: Hawthorn Fruit / Leaf Extract
Botanical Name: Hawthorn .

Part Used: Fruit

Active Ingredients: Hawthorn Flavones

Appearance: Brown-red or Yellow –brown fine powder

Test Method: UV

Function:

1. Improves blood supply to the heart by dilating the coronary blood vessels

2. Inhibits the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), reducing the amount of stress placed on the heart.

3. Improves metabolic processes in the heart

4. Prevents atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

5. Lowers blood pressure

Storage Situation : Stored in a cool and dry well-closed container, keep away from moisture and strong light / heat.

Shelf Life : two years under well Storage situation and stored away from direct sun light.

Properties:

The herb is sour and sweet in flavour, slightly warm in nature, and acts on the spleen, stomach and liver channels. Acting on the spleen and stomach for relieving stagnated food, strengthening the spleen and inducing appetite, the herb is good at digesting accumulated fatty food and meat as well as stagnated milk in children.

Acting on the liver channel and blood for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, the herb is used to treat pains due to blood stasis.Effects: Relieving stagnated food, promoting blood circulation and eliminating blood stasis.

Indications:

1. To treat stagnated meat, distention and fullness in the stomach and abdomen, greasy fur and oppressive chest, the herb can be used in combination with medicated leaven, germinated barley and areca seed for strengthening the effect of relieving stagnated food.

To treat diarrhea, dysentery and abdominal pain, the herb is often stir-baked charred and decocted for oral use, or used in combination with aucklandia root, coptis root and other herbs.

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