Ganoderma lucidum, red-zhi, wood fungus, fungus Ganoderma lucidum, years mushroom, Ganoderma grass
Section fungus Ganoderma lucidum for the porous grate Ganoderma Iucidum (Leyss.ex Fr.) Karst. Fruiting bodies of
Cap suberin, kidney-shaped, reddish brown, purpurin or dark purple, with lacquer-like luster, there are circular ribs and radial wrinkles, size and shape vary greatly, large individual cap for the 20 × 10cm, thickness about 2cm, usually an individual for the 4 × 3cm, thickness 0.5 ~ 1cm, following numerous small holes, pipe mouth was white or light brown, each containing 4 mm 5, pipe mouth circular, inner wall of hymenium, spores burden arising from the top. Stipe lateral, few side-sheng, longer than cap diameter, purple-brown to black, there are paint-like gloss, hard. Spores oval, 8 ~ 11 × 7cm, wall layers, wall brown, surface with small warts, outer wall colorless and transparent.
Summer and autumn was born more than broad-leaved trees of the wood piles next to the forest, or wood, timber and fallen trees, sometimes born in conifers, there are cultivated. Produced in Anhui, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong and Guangxi.
Collect and process
Can be taken throughout the year, dried.
Morphological See “Plant Morphology.” Gas special, slightly bitter taste
Main-containing amino acids, peptides, proteins, fungal lysozyme (fungal lysozyme), as well as sugars (reducing sugars and polysaccharides), ergosterol, triterpenes, coumarin glycoside, volatile oil, stearic acid, benzoic acid, alkaloids, vitamin B2 and C, etc.; spores also contain mannitol, trehalose (trehalose), etc.
Warm in nature, unleavened
Strong tonic. For the brain, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, kidney
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Pumpkin is a gourd-like squash of the genus Cucurbita and the family Cucurbitaceae (which also includes gourds). In the United States and Canada it is a common name of or can refer to cultivars of any one of the species Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbita mixta, Cucurbita maxima, and Cucurbita moschata. They are typically orange or yellow and have many creases running from the stem to the bottom. They have a thick shell on the outside, with seeds and pulp on the inside.
In British and Australian English, pumpkin generally refers to what North Americans call winter squash, but would include the above species. This article is based on the North American definition.
Pumpkin seed oil (Kernöl or Kürbiskernöl in German, bučno olje in Slovenian, bučino ulje or bundevino ulje in Serbian and Croatian, and tökmag-olaj in Hungarian), a culinary specialty of south eastern Austria (Styria), eastern Slovenia (Styria and Prekmurje), north western Croatia (esp. Međimurje), adjacent regions of Hungary, is a European Union Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) product.
Today the oil is an important export commodity of Austrian and Slovenian parts of Styria. It is made by pressing roasted, hulled pumpkin seeds (pepitas), from a local variety of pumpkin, the “Styrian oil pumpkin” (Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca, also known as var. oleifera). It has been produced and used in Styria’s southern parts at least since the 18th century. The earliest confirmed record of oil pumpkin seeds in Styria (from the estate of a farmer in Gleinstätten) dates to February 18, 1697.
The viscous oil is light to very dark green to dark red in colour depending on the thickness of the observed sample. The oil appears green in thin layer and red in thick layer. Such optical phenomenon is called dichromatism. Pumpkin oil is one of the substances with strongest dichromatism. Its Kreft’s dichromaticity index is -44. Used together with yoghurt, the colour turns to bright green and is sometimes referred to as “green-gold”.
Claims, based on local folk medicine, suggesting usefulness of the oil in the prevention and treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia may be backed by some studies showing clinically proven efficacy (particularly along with Serenoa repens, saw palmetto, and Pygeum africanum) according to the criteria of evidence-based medicine. 
Pumpkin seed oil is most commonly used to treat irritable bowel syndrome.  Small studies have also shown that pumpkin seeds, which contain amino acids, steroidal compounds, and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, may lower the risk of certain types of kidney stones and improve symptoms associated with enlarged prostates Additionally, pumpkin seeds reportedly contain significant amounts of tryptophan and lysine. Some studies have also found pumpkin seeds to prevent arteriosclerosis and regulate cholesterol levels. 
Pumpkin seed oil, commonly prescribed in German folk medicine, remedies parasitic infestations of the intestinal tract such as tapeworms.
The Benefits of Pumpkin Seed
Pumpkin seeds are one of nature’s almost perfect foods. They are a natural source of beneficial constituents such as carbohydrates, amino acids and unsaturated fatty acids. They contain most of the B vitamins, along with C, D, E, and K. They also have the minerals calcium, potassium, and phosphorous. Pumpkin seeds have mainly been used to treat prostate and bladder problems, but they have also been known to help with depression and learning disabilities.
Native American tribes were among the first people to notice the beneficial aspects of pumpkin seeds. They referred to them as cucurbita and used them to treat kidney problems and to eliminate parasites from the intestines.
Because pumpkin seeds turned up so frequently in folk medicines, scientists began to conduct research on the oil extracted from them. One study showed pumpkin seed oil kept hormones from inflicting damage on the cells of the prostate, which helps to reduce cancer development. Another study revealed that the seeds contain a significant amount of L-tryptophan, which is beneficial in battling depression (although it is believed the seeds don’t have enough to treat major depression, they can be used as a preventive measure). Other studies showed pumpkin seeds can improve bladder and urethra function. And they are thought to help stop the formation of kidney stones, even though the ingredient responsible is unknown. Pumpkin seeds have also been used to treat learning disorders and are generally recommended in some countries as a ‘brain food.’ Other studies have shown they prevent hardening of the arteries and help regulate cholesterol levels.
Using pumpkin seeds in cooking is popular in many cultures. Adding roasted pumpkin seeds to soups and salads provides a nutty flavor; and pumpkin seed oil can be used as a salad dressing when combined with products like honey and olive oil. Roasted pumpkin seeds are of course commonly eaten as snacks, but be aware that while roasting brings out their full flavor, the heat also destroys their natural fatty acids. Thus they are most nutritious when eaten raw. Also make sure to refrigerate pumpkin seeds so the oil does not turn rancid.
When buying pumpkin seed oil it is important to check that the label doesn’t list too much sunflower seed oil. Some manufacturers add a lot of sunflower oil to reduce costs since extracting oil from pumpkin seeds is a tedious and complicated process.
A common folk remedy in Germany uses pumpkin seed oil to treat tapeworms, although some say the act is somewhat risky. A person with tapeworms is given approximately ten ounces of ground pumpkin seeds combined with milk and honey. Two hours later, castor oil is given and the tapeworms are eliminated. Studies in China have shown that pumpkin seeds are beneficial to people with a rare parasitic disease received from snails called schistosomiasis. So far the disease has only been found in Africa and Asia.
Pumpkin seeds have been known to cause upset stomach in some people, but they do not interact with other medications as far as anyone knows.
Sources : Pumkin Seed is the dried seed of Cucurbita moschata Duch. the drug is collected in summer and autumn, remove from tissues, washed clean, and dried in hte sun.
The uniqueness of taste and smell make it often used in cooking various nations. He also has various properties in perubatan and beauty, and used as a durable material also semulajadi and kraftangan materials.
That is the privilege of spices and herbs hundred. In fact, our country (especially Malacca) has become the center of the spice trade in this foreign country when the first one.
Where a single herbs, spices which one?
Herbs usually come than the leaves, when the herb-hundred came than grains, fruits, bark or roots. Sometimes the herbs and spices can also come than the same subject. Example coriander. Fresh coriander leaves are herbs used in cooking tomyam, coriander powder than when the seeds are the main ingredient in curry spices.
Fresh or dried? : While he kept the right, both herbaceous and fresh or dried herbs contain a variety of properties including phytochemicals.
Keeping qualities : It is important to save hundred herbs and spices in the right way to perpetuate properties and taste. Dried herbs may be wrapped in paper towel and add to the former or plastic Beg before inserted into the chest ais. You also get to keep the spice in the former closed airtight cooler outside the box, but make sure the place is dark and dim. He may hold that six months. Do not put it on the edge of the kitchen will influence the heat kerana qualities and taste.
If you want to buy spices powder, do not buy in a quantity that many will quickly kerana berkurangan freshness. For example, black pepper powder, bought in a small quantity and the proportion buying black pepper if you want to dikisar not save them in a long time.
What made it so valuable?
Studies have found that herbs and spices contain many hundreds of anti-oxidants, which help the human body against free radicals that can cause illness. He also contain phytochemicals such as curcumin (the turmeric), capsaicin (chilli), allicin (garlic) and gingerol (ginger), and also various vitamins, including vitamin C.
Curry spices are said to be able to make your minda youth. He is also good to prevent this kanser and also perhaps one of the contributors to the lack of valid kanser disease among the Indian community in India.
He also helped to add other food functions if added to the dish in a phenomenon called ‘synergy of food’. “For this, more serviceable to enjoy the real benefits of cooking rather than taking supplements or food supplements.
Aside from the food, spices and herbs were also used in beauty treatments and Kesihatan. Between commonly used is lemon grass, pandan, and Black Seed manjakani used in treatments such as bathing herbs for example. He is not sahaja body perfume, instead saying the toxic able to remove the body.
The nature of anti-mikrobnya according semulajadi and preservatives used widely used cool boxes dikala absence in ancient times. Hundred and spices like turmeric herbs, ginger, cinnamon, are also widely used in traditional perubatan various nations. Involving Pengubatan spirits joined using herbs and spices like black pepper and garlic that is read with particular readings.
In Food : Between function-hundred and spices in cooking herbs are added perisa and kelazatan without adding more calories, fat, sugar, sodium or salt in cooking. The aroma is not of our making sahaja enjoy keenakannya impatient, in fact he also remove the unpleasant smell like the smell of cooking meat Hamis, and also hanyir fish. Spice hundred and herbs in cooking dishes are also made more visible menyelerakan with color and shape of various.
To perpetuate herbaceous flavor and color, put it at the end of cooking. But if you want to taste the ‘entry’ into the cooking, cooking tambahkannya early. You also may mangle herbs or tapped for a stronger taste.
Most spices like curry or soup spices, savory pan-fried so crisp before adding water or coconut milk does not seem so rempahnya ‘raw’.
10 Ways to Enjoy the Herb and Spice in Food
1. You may make one of the curry spice ingredients perapan chicken or fish stir-fried or baked saffron substitute.
2. Dessert like flan or bread pudding may diperisakan with cinnamon bark powder or nutmeg powder.
3. Add fresh herbs such as kesum leaf, lemongrass and chili hirisan into your kerabu or salad.
4. Add herbs such as pudina leaves into your tea is still warm or your favorite fruit juice.
5. Boiled hirisan or lemongrass or ginger pieces with water. Sejukkan and add a little sweetener like honey or sugar. He is refreshing.
6. Brush butter mixed with crushed garlic and chopped herbs to parsli and grilled bread for garlic bread lazat.
7. Saute spices with chilli four companions who used to spicy dishes spicy sour.
8. Mayang subtle lime leaves and lemon over fish hiaskannya cook your favorite chili.
9. Add oregano herbs into your pasta sauce.
10. Enter nutmeg or cloves with epal stew and eat with plates of milk or make it the core of a burned pastry.