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Chinese Gentian (Longdancao)

 Chinese Gentian (Longdancao)

Chinese Gentian is the dried root and rhizome of Gentiana Manshurica Kitag.The drug is collected in spring and autumn.

Pharmaceutical Name:

Radix Gentianae

Botanical Name:

Gentiana scabra Bge.
Gentiana triflora Pall.
Gentiana manshurica Kitag.

Common Name:

Chinese Gentian

Source of Earliest Record:

Shennong Bencao Jing

Part Used & Method for Pharmaceutical Preparations:

The roots, or rhizomes, are gathered in autumn , dried in the sun and cut into pieces.

Properties and Taste:

Bitter and cold

Meridian:

Liver, gall bladder and stomach

Functions:

To clear heat and dry dampness
To reduce fire in the liver

Indications and Combinations:

1. Damp-heat syndrome:

a) Damp-heat jaundice .
*Use with Oriental wormwood (Yinchenhao) and Capejasmine (Zhizi) .

b) Damp-heat leukorrhea manifested as pain and swelling in the genitals and eczema.
*Use with Phellodendron bark (Huangbai), Flavescent sophora root (Kushen) and Plantain seed (Cheqianzi).

2. Upward attack of liver fire manifested as headache, distending sensation in the head, red eyes, deafness and pain in the coastal regions.
*Use with Scutellaria root (Huangqin), Capejasmine (Zhizi), Bupleurum root (Chaihu) and Clematis stem (Mutong).

3. Fever, spasms and convulsions.
*Used with Uncaria stem (Gouteng) and Ox gallstone (Niuhuang).

Dosage:

3-10 g

Cautions:

This herb is contraindicated in cases with weakness and cold in the spleen and stomach.

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Chinese Gentian Root

Chinese Gentian Root

Name:
Chinese gentian

Biological Name:
Gentianae longdancao,Gentianaceae

Other Names:
Chinese gentian, gentian, Long dan cao, gentian root

Product Name: Gentian Extract

Product Origin: China

Scientific name (Latin name): gentiana scabra Gentian root(Radix Gentianae, Gentian,Gentiana Lutea,Chinese Gentian) Family: Gentianaceae Herbs:Radix Gentianae, Gentian(Gentiana Lutea),

Chinese Gentian Function & usage:

1)This species is commonly used for medicinal purposes and to flavor alcoholic drinks (bitters).

2)The root is harvested by digging up whole plants. Gentianae Radix is the pharmaceutical name of the root of Gentiana lutea.

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